France Releases Video Of Its First Airstrike Against ISIS

Several months ago, when France vehemently opposed canceling the delivery of the Mistral amphibious warship to Russia, its largest bank BNP was “unexpectedly” slapped with a record $9 billion fine by the US Department of Justice for money-laundering. The retaliatory measure was so obvious even Putin opined on the US action: “We know about the pressure which our U. S. partners are applying on France not to supply the Mistrals to Russia,’ Putin said in July. ‘And we even know that they hinted that if the French don’t deliver the Mistrals, they would quietly get rid of the sanctions against the bank, or at least minimize them.”
Fast forward a few months later when the French banking lobby has clearly gotten not only the upper hand in its ongoing fight with Hollande’s imploding socialist leadership, now facing a record low approval rating, but realizes it once again has all the leverage, not only is the Mistral shipment on the verge of being scrapped, but it is time to make sure that another “BNP” never happens again: after all there are banker bonuses to think of.
As a result, the French administration is scrambling to demonstrate its faithful commitment to whatever warmongering cause the US may unleash on the world, in this case using the ISIS terrorist threat as a pretext to imminently bomb and crush Assad’s Syrian regime, just so the Qatar natgas pipeline to Europe – which as a reminder was the underlying reason for the failed 2013 false flag campaign to eradicate Assad – can finally cross the country unopposed, and deliver the much needed alternative to Gazprom’s product, eliminating the major leverage Putin has over Europe, which also explains why Russia is suddenly so vocal in its demands that the US halt its bombing of the Syrian regime. Follows a succinct situation summary on the Syrian situation from Al-Arabiya:
Russia was the third country to criticize the U. S. decision to bomb ISIS terrorists on Syrian territory, after the Syrian and Iranian governments. It’s not the best company to keep when opposing Obama’s decision in terms of international prestige and perception, however, it was to be expected. The criticism came both from Russia’s leader Vladimir Putin and from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesman Alexander Lukashevich.

This post was published at Zero Hedge on 09/20/2014.

Vladimir Putin threatens Ukraine, also says Russia could invade Europe within two days

September 2014 – UKRAINE – Things in Europe are heating up with threats made by Russia President Vladimir Putin to the Ukraine President Petro Poroshenko. In a private meeting also attended by European Commission President Jose Manuel Barraso, Putin said that Russian troops could reach multiple points in Europe in just two days. ‘If I wanted, in two days I could have Russian troops not only in Kiev, but also in Riga, Vilnius, Tallinn, Warsaw and Bucharest,’ he said, according to German newspaper Sueddeutsche Zeitung, citing a European Union memorandum of the meeting. While troops could move that swiftly, Putin apparently conceded that it would take up to two weeks to actually capture Kiev. Riga is the capital of Latvia, Vilnius is the capital of Lithuania, Tallinn is the capital of Estonia, Warsaw is the capital of Poland, and Bucharest is the capital of Romania. If the report is true then it would be the first time Putin has threatened to invade any NATO or European Union member countries.

This post was published at UtopiatheCollapse on September 20, 2014.

Putin, Merkel Discuss Ukrainian Ceasefire, Gas Deliveries to Europe

Russian President Vladimir Putin and German Chancellor Angela Merkel discussed in a phone call on Monday the situation around the current ceasefire regime and deliveries of Russian gas to Europe, the Kremlin said.
"Putin and Merkel exchanged opinions on the situation with deliveries of Russian natural gas to EU member-states and agreed that the consultations in a three party format should continue," a statement on the Kremlin website said.
The leaders also discussed the development of the situation in Ukraine with focus on the importance of strict compliance with the ceasefire regime by the sides of the internal Ukrainian conflict and the effective monitoring of the situation by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the Kremlin said.

This post was published at RAI Novosti

Russia completes dry run of nuclear bombing attack on America

The Cold War ended with the collapse of the Soviet Union in December 1991, but under the stewardship of President Vladimir Putin, a former KGB agent, a new cold war between Russia and the United States appears to be forming. At least, it’s cold for now. Over the past 30 months, Russian strategic (read nuclear) forces have begun testing U. S. defenses on a much more regular basis. The most recent attempt occurred just days ago when a pair of Russian strategic bombers practiced cruise missile attacks on the U. S. during a training mission — a mission that U. S. officials said was timed to coincide with a NATO summit in Wales aimed at developing a plan to blunt Russia’s aggression toward Ukraine. American and Canadian systems picked up and tracked the aged Tu-95 “Bear-H” bombers flying a line across the northern Atlantic Ocean “near Iceland, Greenland, and Canada’s northeast,” the Free Beacon news site reported, adding:Analysis of the flight indicated the aircraft were conducting practice runs to a pre-determined “launch box”–an optimum point for firing nuclear-armed cruise missiles at U. S. targets, said defense officials familiar with intelligence reports.

This post was published at Natural News on Tuesday, September 16, 2014.

Ukraine Offers Amnesty to Rebels, 3 Years of Limited Self-Rule; War and Peace Factions Split; More Killing is No Way to Honor Dead

War and peace factions are at odds in Ukraine.
The war factions claim Putin cannot be trusted but the peace factions have finally had enough of war. The likely loss of Mariupol within weeks was simply too much to take.
One thing is certain, more killing will only make matters worse. Ukraine Offers Amnesty to Rebels, 3 Years of Limited Self-Rule
RTE reports Eastern Ukraine Offered Three Years of Limited Self-Rule.
Ukraine’s president has offered parts of the country’s separatist east limited self-rule for three years under the terms of a peace plan reached with Russia.
Petro Poroshenko’s official website said the pro-Western leader told top lawmakers the proposal would be part of a broader deal with pro-Russian rebels signed on 5 September.
He intended to formally submit it to parliament on Tuesday.
The bill also extends the right of people in the rebel-held Luhansk and Donetsk regions to use Russian in state institutions and conduct local elections on 9 November, according to media reports.
The bill further permits the regions to “strengthen good neighbourly relations” between local authorities and their counterparts in Russia.

This post was published at Global Economic Analysis on September 15, 2014.

Russian Hot Money Dodges Sanctions, Gushes into Hong Kong, Hits Resistance

The sanctions, the last batch of which took effect on Friday, are targeting with ever increasing intensity the Russian economy and a growing number of key individuals. The defense, financial, and energy sectors have been hit the hardest. Oil and gas exports are Russia’s economic and fiscal lifeblood; Western financing is Russia’s corporate lifeblood. And that’s where the sanctions have begun to bite viciously. But not only in Russia….
They’re gnawing at the revenues and profits of German companies, and potentially at the value of stock-based compensation and bonuses of their chieftains, who have been waging a loud and relentless campaign against the sanctions, which so far has fallen on deaf ears in Berlin.
A major shift in mercantilist Germany. The prior Chancellor, Gerhard Schrder, a West German through and through, has become Putin’s best buddy over the years, and within practically moments after getting kicked out of office in 2005, started to work for him. Which has led to some delicious imbroglios [for example… Putin Parties With German Ex-Chancellor, Sanctions Be Damned].
Chancellor Angela Merkel originated in Soviet-dominated East Germany, had to learn Russian in school, and experienced Soviet power first-hand. There’s no love lost between her and Putin. Even before the Ukrainian fiasco mucked up the ‘strategic relationship,’ as every German government has insisted on calling it, meetings between them were, let’s say, awkward – though big commercial deals were always signed, and that’s what counted in mercantilist Germany. But not anymore.

This post was published at Wolf Street on September 15, 2014.

Russian Hot Money Dodges Sanctions, Gushes into Hong Kong

The sanctions, the last batch of which took effect on Friday, are targeting with ever increasing intensity the Russian economy and a growing number of key individuals. The defense, financial, and energy sectors have been hit the hardest. Oil and gas exports are Russia’s economic and fiscal lifeblood; Western financing is Russia’s corporate lifeblood. And that’s where the sanctions have begun to bite viciously. But not only in Russia….
They’re gnawing at the revenues and profits of German companies, and potentially at the value of stock-based compensation and bonuses of their chieftains, who have been waging a loud and relentless campaign against the sanctions, which so far has fallen on deaf ears in Berlin.
A major shift in mercantilist Germany. The prior Chancellor, Gerhard Schrder, a West German through and through, has become Putin’s best buddy over the years, and within practically moments after getting kicked out of office in 2005, started to work for him. Which has led to some delicious imbroglios [for example… Putin Parties With German Ex-Chancellor, Sanctions Be Damned].
Chancellor Angela Merkel originated in Soviet-dominated East Germany, had to learn Russian in school, and experienced Soviet power first-hand. There’s no love lost between her and Putin. Even before the Ukrainian fiasco mucked up the ‘strategic relationship,’ as every German government has insisted on calling it, meetings between them were, let’s say, awkward – though big commercial deals were always signed, and that’s what counted in mercantilist Germany. But not anymore.
Over the weekend, it was Eckhard Cordes, chairman of the Committee on Eastern European Economic Relations, who attacked the new sanctions, warning that they would not contribute to a de-escalation of the crisis. He added the word ‘dangerous’ to the already common ‘sanction spiral.’

This post was published at Wolf Street by Wolf Richter ‘ September 15, 2014.

Bob Shiller Warns Of “Parallels To 1937″

Authored by Robert Shiller, originally posted Op-Ed at The Guardian,
The depression that followed the stock-market crash of 1929 took a turn for the worse eight years later, and recovery came only with the enormous economic stimulus provided by the second world war, a conflict that cost more than 60 million lives. By the time recovery finally arrived, much of Europe and Asia lay in ruins.
The current world situation is not nearly so dire, but there are parallels, particularly to 1937. Now, as then, people have been disappointed for a long time, and many are despairing.
They are becoming more fearful for their long-term economic future. And such fears can have severe consequences.
For example, the impact of the 2008 financial crisis on the Ukrainian and Russian economies might ultimately be behind the recent war there.
According to the International Monetary Fund, both Ukraine and Russia experienced spectacular growth from 2002 to 2007: over those five years, real per capita GDP rose 52% in Ukraine and 46% in Russia.
That is history now: real per capita GDP growth was only 0.2% last year in Ukraine, and only 1.3% in Russia. The discontent generated by such disappointment may help to explain Ukrainian separatists’ anger, Russians’ discontent, and the Russian president Vladimir Putin’s decision to annex Crimea and to support the separatists.
There is a name for the despair that has been driving discontent – and not only in Russia and Ukraine – since the financial crisis.
That name is the “new normal,” referring to long-term diminished prospects for economic growth, a term popularized by Bill Gross, a founder of bond giant PIMCO.

This post was published at Zero Hedge on 09/14/2014.

Putin: West Makes Use of Ukrainian Crisis to Destabilize International Situation

Russian President Vladimir Putin said Friday that the West uses the crisis in Ukraine to destabilize the international situation, while the country itself is of no interest to anyone.
"I have a conspiracy theory that Ukraine itself is of no interest to anyone, but simply being used as a tool to destabilize international relations," Putin said after the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit.
"Ukraine is used as a tool, as a hostage to the desire of some participants in the international dialogue, to, say revive NATO. And not only as a military organization, but also as one of the key instruments of US foreign policy," the Russian leader said.

This post was published at RAI Novosti

Europe Folds To Russian Demands, Delays Ukraine Free Trade Deal By Over A Year

While the world was poring through the details of the latest round of preannounced western sanctions against Russia – a round which Russia commented would have virtually no actual impact – and just as excitedly awaiting the Kremlin’s retaliation which Putin warned is coming shortly, far from the glare of the center stage Europe quietly folded to a bigger Russian demand namely to delay the implementation of a Ukraine free trade deal by more than one year until the end of 2015 and likely beyond.
As AFP reported, EU Trade Commissioner Karel de Gucht said, after talks with Russian and Ukrainian ministers, that the free trade agreement which Ukraine and its imploding economy had hoped would be implemented in the immediate future, will instead be delayed. Perhaps the date of the provisional launch has something to do with it: EU sources said the trade deal was to have taken effect on November 14, i.e. in the middle of Europe’s cold, snowy, GDP-sapping winter. The European Council of 28 members states must now sign off on the delay.


This post was published at Zero Hedge on 09/12/2014.

US Unveils Latest Russian Sanctions, Putin Immediately Responds That Russia Drafting Retaliation

Moments ago, as was widely preannounced, the US Treasury unveiled its latest round of Russian sanctions. While the bigger picture was well-known, here are some of the highlights:
U. S. SANCTIONS FOCUS ON FINANCIAL, ENERGY, DEFENSE SECTORS U. S. TREASURY ADDS SBERBANK TO SANCTIONS LIST, U. S. TREASURY SANCTIONS AFFECTS GAZPROM, GAZPROM NEFT, LUKOIL, ROSNEFT, AND SURGUTNEFTGAZ U. S. TIGHTENS DEBT FINANCING RESTRICTIONS TO 30 DAYS As Bloomberg reports, action deepens existing sanctions on Russian financial institutions, expands sanctions on Russia’s energy sector, targets additional energy- and defense-related firms, U. S. Treasury says in statement. “Today’s actions demonstrate our determination to increase the costs on Russia as long as it continues to violate Ukraine’s territorial integrity and sovereignty,” Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence David S. Cohen says in statement
Treasury Dept says it ‘maintains significant scope to expand these sanctions.’
Sberbank added to sanctions list; Treasury also tightens ‘debt financing restrictions by reducing from 90 days to 30 days the maturity period’ for sanctioned banks
Also imposes sanctions that ‘prohibit the exportation of goods, services (not including financial services), or technology in support of exploration or production for Russian deepwater, Arctic offshore, or shale projects that have the potential to produce oil’
Step affects 5 cos.: Gazprom, Gazprom Neft, Lukoil, Surgutneftegas, and Rosneft, Treasury says
And instantly: PUTIN: GOVT DRAFTING PROPOSALS TO RETALIATE AGAINST SANCTIONS
PUTIN SAYS RUSSIA TO RETALIATE ONLY IF IT SERVES ITS INTERESTS PUTIN SEES MORE POSITIVES THAN NEGATIVES IN LATEST SANCTIONS PUTIN SAYS UKRAINE `HELD HOSTAGE’ BY OUTSIDE INTERESTS PUTIN SAYS RUSSIA WON’T IMPOSE TRAVEL BANS IN RETALIATION So back to square one, as Russia and China get progressively closer.

This post was published at Zero Hedge on 09/12/2014.

George Soros Warns “This Is The Worst Possible Time” For Scottish Independence

Authored by George Soros, originally posted Op-Ed at The FT,
This is the worst possible time for Britain to consider leaving the EU – or for Scotland to break with Britain.
The EU is an unfinished project of European states that have sacrificed part of their sovereignty to form an ever-closer union based on shared values and ideals. Those shared values are under attack on multiple fronts. Russia’s undeclared war against Ukraine is perhaps the most immediate example but it is by no means the only one. Resurgent nationalism and illiberal democracy are on the rise within Europe, at its borders and around the globe.
Since world war two the European powers, along with the US, have been the main supporters of the prevailing international order. Yet, in recent years, overwhelmed by the euro crisis, Europe has turned inward, diminishing its ability to play a forceful role in international affairs.
To make matters worse, the US has done the same, if for different reasons. Their preoccupation with domestic matters has created a vacuum that ambitious regional powers have sought to fill.
The resulting breakdown of international governance has given rise to a plethora of unresolved crises around the globe. The breakdown is most acute in the Middle East. The sudden emergence of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant, or Isis, provides the most gruesome example of how far it can go and how much human suffering it can cause.
With the Russian invasion of Ukraine, military conflict has spread to Europe. Two radically different forms of government are competing for ascendancy. The EU stands for principles of liberal democracy, international governance and the rule of law. In Russia, President Vladimir Putin maintains the outward appearance of democracy by exploiting a narrative of ethnic and religious nationalism to generate popular support for his corrupt, authoritarian regime.

This post was published at Zero Hedge on 09/11/2014.

Putin – War – & Return of Mercenaries – the Masquerade

Many people have written asking about Putin. The pundits are claiming the Russian Army is weak and could not wage war. Russia is actually looking at expanding its military policy re-targeting Europe and the USA as enemies, and rewriting protocols for justification of a defensive first strike with nuclear weapons. The greatest mistake that the West has made so far is to judge Russia through their own eyes based upon themselves with extreme arrogance and prejudice. Just because you would not want war does not mean your opponent has the same view. Additionally, the arrogance of the politicians can force war by their unyielding posture and inability to realize that they have left their opponent with no other option.
The arrogance that Russia is weak and could not afford war is a huge mistake because it is the West who cannot afford war in the middle of an economic implosion where we have a Sovereign Debt Crisis brewing on an unprecedented scale. War also gas been an escape valve for fiscal mismanagement and in this respect, war become desirable as a decoy to hide the inability of politicians to cope with managing the state.
The Russian military forces are composed of 150,000 officers and 766,000 soldiers on active duty. There are about 2,485,000 reservists. The Russian Ground Forces have 15,500 tanks, 27,607 armored fighting vehicles (AFV), 5,990 self-propelled guns (SPG), 4,625 towed artillery guns and 3,781 multiple rocket launcher artillery systems (MLRS), according to reports of the Military portal Global Fire Power. For the Air Force, Russia has about 3,082 airplanes, jets and helicopters. Russia has only about 114 combat helicopters compared to the USA’s 914 attack helicopters …

This post was published at Armstrong Economics on September 10, 2014.

Putin To Head Military-Industrial Commission, Sees Nuclear Deterrence As Top Task

When we exposed the shift in Russia’s military doctrine towards one of nuclear deterrence and pre-emptive strikes, many eschewed it as fantastical thinking of extremists. They were wrong. Speaking at a defense meeting this morning, Russian President Vladimir Putin declared he is taking charge of Russia’s military-industrial complex:
*PUTIN SAYS DRAFT NEW MILITARY DOCTRINE SHOULD BE READY BY DEC. *PUTIN CALLS ENSURING NUCLEAR DETERRENT TOP DEFENSE TASK TO 2030 This does not seem like de-escalatory conversation as NATO continues to push – to justify its existence – and Putin now prepares an increasingly Cold-War-esque response threat (following an overnight nuclear missile test).

This post was published at Zero Hedge on 09/10/2014.

Russian Retaliation Begins: Gazprom “Limiting EU Gas”, Cuts Poland Supplies By 24% In Past Two Days

Over the weekend, we commented that in response to Europe’s latest, and most serious, sanction round which would finally impact Russian energy giants Rosenft, Gazprom Neft (but not Gazprom) and Transneft, “suddenly the stakes for Russia, and thus Europe, just got all too real, as Putin will now have no choice but to really ramp up the retaliatory escalation, which following the food ban can only mean one thing: a staggered reduction in gas flow to Europe.“
And while Europe appears to have blown its load prematurely, with the sanctions leaked before Europe actually has the consensus to implement them (it is now a daily threat by Europe which is screaming that it will impose the sanctions any minuteyet not actually doing so), Russia has no such moral quandaries and three days following our forecast, here comes Gazprom confirming once again that it is perfectly happy to play the “mutual defection” strategy in the ongoing and ever escalating game theory between Europe and Russia for one simple reason: it has all the leverage.
From Bloomberg:
RUSSIA LIMITING EU GAS TO RESTRICT REVERSE SUPPLY TO UKRAINE In other words, this is only the beginning as Ukraine has clearly made the case that it will plug its gas reserve gap using “reverese flow” of Russian gas in transit to Europe. More importantly, this follows news earlier today from Poland’s PGNiG which said Gazprom lowered supply by 20%-24% in past 2 days.

This post was published at Zero Hedge on 09/10/2014.

Russia And Iran Put Oil-For-Goods Deals Into Motion As Iran Signals Similar Arrangements Coming With China

Russia-Iran Oil-for-Goods Contracts Representatives of the Russian and Iranian governments met in Tehran yesterday for the 11th meeting of the Iran-Russian Trade Council, where details of a ground breaking oil-for-goods swap between the two heavily sanctioned countries were revealed.
With both countries now sanctioned by the West, Russia and Iran have been in extensive negotiations on how to facilitate Iranian oil exports without breaching the UN Security Council nuclear deal that was agreed between Iran, Germany and the five UN Council permanent last January.
Sanctions on Iran had reduced Iranian oil production from 2.5 million barrels per day (BPD) down to between 1 million – 1.5 million BPD. Under the UN’s nuclear deal, Iran can only now export up to 1 million BPD. Iran has the world’s 4th largest oil reserves and both Russia and Iran are large producers and exporters of oil.
On August 5, Russia and Iran signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on oil-for-goods exchanges under which Russia could take 500,000 BPD of Iranian oil exports in returns for providing goods, services and equipment to Iran. This deal was said by Russian media to have been directly negotiated previously by Russian President Vladimir Putin and Iranian President Hassan Rouhani.
President Hassan Rouhani of Iran meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin

This post was published at Gold Core on 10 September 2014.

Russia’s Response To European Capital Sanctions In One Word

While the West continues to press the “Russia is increasingly isolated” meme, it appears – as we noted ironically previously, that Vladimir Putin is finding plenty of friends… most notably China. While threats of ‘asymmetric’ retaliation over European sanctions may have been enough to worry Europe’s leaders, the slew of news overnight regarding increased cooperation between China and Russia is likely more damaging to Western strategy (and egos).
Not so isolated…

h/t @PersonOfAwesome

This post was published at Zero Hedge on 09/09/2014.

Ukraine ceasefire at risk amid shelling in Mariupol, Donetsk

Shelling erupted in eastern Ukraine’s strategic port of Mariupol and the city of Donetsk overnight, threatening a fragile ceasefire agreed Friday between the Ukrainian government and pro-Russian separatists.
The ceasefire – brokered in Minsk by envoys from Ukraine, the separatist leadership, Russia and Europe’s OSCE security watchdog – is part of a broader peace plan intended to end a five-month-long conflict that has killed nearly 3,000 people.
The renewed shelling broke out hours after Russia’s President Vladimir Putin and his Ukrainian counterpart Petro Poroshenko had agreed in a telephone call that the truce was holding and had discussed ways of allowing in shipments of humanitarian aid.
Both sides blamed the other on Sunday for the ceasefire violations.

This post was published at France24

Why the Ukraine Crisis Is the West’s Fault: Foreign Affairs

According to the prevailing wisdom in the West, the Ukraine crisis can be blamed almost entirely on Russian aggression. Russian President Vladimir Putin, the argument goes, annexed Crimea out of a long-standing desire to resuscitate the Soviet empire, and he may eventually go after the rest of Ukraine, as well as other countries in eastern Europe. In this view, the ouster of Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych in February 2014 merely provided a pretext for Putin’s decision to order Russian forces to seize part of Ukraine.
But this account is wrong: the United States and its European allies share most of the responsibility for the crisis. The taproot of the trouble is NATO enlargement, the central element of a larger strategy to move Ukraine out of Russia’s orbit and integrate it into the West. At the same time, the E.U.’s expansion eastward and the West’s backing of the pro-democracy movement in Ukraine — beginning with the Orange Revolution in 2004 — were critical elements, too. Since the mid-1990s, Russian leaders have adamantly opposed NATO enlargement, and in recent years, they have made it clear that they would not stand by while their strategically important neighbor turned into a Western bastion. For Putin, the illegal overthrow of Ukraine’s democratically elected and pro-Russian president — which he rightly labeled a “coup” — was the final straw. He responded by taking Crimea, a peninsula he feared would host a NATO naval base, and working to destabilize Ukraine until it abandoned its efforts to join the West. 
Putin’s push back should have come as no surprise. After all, the West had been moving into Russia’s backyard and threatening its core strategic interests, a point Putin made emphatically and repeatedly. Elites in the United States and Europe have been blindsided by events only because they subscribe to a flawed view of international politics. They tend to believe that the logic of realism holds little relevance in the twenty-first century and that Europe can be kept whole and free on the basis of such liberal principles as the rule of law, economic interdependence, and democracy.

This post was published at Foreign Affairs

Russian president Putin threatens nuclear war over Ukraine

September 2014 – UKRAINE – On Friday, as Russian Federation tanks and troops poured across the border into eastern Ukraine, Vladimir Putin talked about his country’s most destructive weaponry. ‘I want to remind you that Russia is one of the most powerful nuclear nations,’ he said. ‘This is a reality, not just words.’ Russia, he told listeners, is ‘strengthening our nuclear deterrence forces.’That same day, Putin used a term for eastern Ukraine meaning ‘New Russia.’ So when he refers to repelling ‘any aggression against Russia’ and speaks of ‘nuclear deterrence,’ as he did on Friday, the Russian president is really warning us he will use nukes to protect his grab of Ukrainian territory. For more than a generation, nuclear weapons were considered defensive only. In a few short sentences on Friday, however, Putin made these devices offensive in nature, just another tool to be employed by an aggressor. And to highlight his threat, on Aug. 14 at Yalta, the Crimean city he had seized this year, Putin mentioned ‘surprising the West with our new developments in offensive nuclear weapons about which we do not talk yet.’

This post was published at UtopiatheCollapse on September 7, 2014.