Neocons Revive Syria ‘Regime Change’ Plan

Official Washington’s ever-influential neoconservatives and their ‘liberal interventionist’ allies see President Barack Obama’s decision to extend U. S. airstrikes against Islamic State terrorists into Syria as a new chance to achieve the long-treasured neocon goal of ‘regime change’ in Damascus. On the surface, Obama’s extraordinary plan to ignore Syrian sovereignty and attack across the border has been viewed as a unilateral U. S. action to strike at the terrorist Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), but it could easily evolve into a renewed effort to overthrow Bashar al-Assad’s government, ironically one of ISIS’s principal goals. ISIS began as part of the Sunni resistance to George W. Bush’s invasion of Iraq which had elevated Iraq’s Shiite majority to power. Then known as ‘al-Qaeda in Iraq,’ the terrorist group stoked a sectarian war by slaughtering Shiites and bombing their mosques. Changing its name to ISIS, the group shifted to Syria where it joined with U. S.-backed rebels seeking to overthrow Assad’s regime which was dominated by Alawites, a branch of Shiite Islam. Then, this summer, ISIS returned to Iraq where it routed Iraqi government forces in a series of battles and conducted public executions, including beheading two U. S. journalists. In his national address Wednesday, Obama said he will order U. S. air attacks across Syria’s border without any coordination with the Syrian government, a proposition that Damascus has denounced as a violation of its sovereignty. Thus, the argument will surely soon be heard in Washington that Assad’s government must be removed as a military prerequisite so the attacks on ISIS can proceed. Otherwise, there could be a threat to U. S. aircraft from Syria’s air defenses.

This post was published at Ron Paul Institute on saturday september 13, 2014.

Sergey Lavrov: Throwing Russia off balance is ultimate aim

In an interview for the ITAR-TASS project 'Top Officials'—Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said that Washington and some European countries had made a decision to isolate Russia long ago
Over the more than ten years in office as Russia’s foreign minister Sergey V. Lavrov has appeared at thousands of news conferences and granted hundreds of interviews. Minutes before the interview that follows (which lasted for more than two hours) he first loosened and took off his necktie. Then he unbuttoned the top button of his shirt, but only the top one.
On the feeling of despair and the boiling point
– Sergey Viktorovich: you’ve had a really hot time for the past six months.
– And it’s not all over yet. Generally speaking, there has been no calm in foreign politics for a long time. But in summer I did have some time for recreation. In Russia, mind you.
– Don’t you get despaired due to the lack of calmness in foreign affairs?
– No, never ever. That’s not the type of feeling I may have deep down in my heart. We cannot afford to get desperate. We must keep doing our job right.

This post was published at ITAR-TASS

IT WILL TAKE GROUND TROOPS TO FIGHT ISIS BLOCK BY BLOCK

National security experts say Obama’s promise to eradicate ISIS through airstrikes is doomed to failure. ‘What a waste of time,’ Larry Johnson, a former CIA analyst and counterterrorism official at the State Department, told The Washington Times. ‘We have not learned a thing in 80 years. [The Islamic State] is an army. The air power is not going to get the job done. Until you put troops in and kill these guys, they’re going to continue. They adjust to tactics. They meld into [the] civilian population.’
According to the Times, Islamic State soldiers will adjust to airstrikes and continue fighting. They are now well integrated in Mosul, Fallujah, Ramadi and other Iraqi towns and it will take skilled land combatants to evict them, block by block.
Republicans in Congress agree it will take ground troops to put a stop to ISIS.


This post was published at Info Wars on SEPTEMBER 12, 2014.

China Daily: “Western Sanctions Will Make Moscow Back The Chinese Yuan Against The Dollar”

Op-Ed posted in China Daily
West’s Antics Pushing Russia closer to China
The recent NATO summit in Wales, held against the background of the armed conflict in Ukraine, has brought back the Cold War atmosphere to Europe. NATO’s partnership with Russia remains formally suspended. In fact, NATO is treating Russia more as an adversary than a partner.
The alliance is setting up a “Rapid Reaction Force” to deal with emergencies on Europe’s eastern flank. The alliance’s military infrastructure is moving toward that exposed flank, and closer to Russia’s borders. NATO forces will now spend more time exercising in the east, and their presence there will visibly grow. NATO-leaning Ukraine, which the alliance alleges is an object of “Russian aggression”, has been promised financial and military support.
The Ukraine crisis is not just about Eastern Europe, it is also about the world order. The Kremlin is seeking Washington’s recognition of what it regards as its core national security interest: keeping Ukraine as a buffer zone between Russia and the West, particularly NATO. Washington, on principle, denies Moscow this “imperial privilege”, and insists on the freedom of all countries, including Ukraine, to choose alliances and affiliations.

This post was published at Zero Hedge on 09/12/2014.

Fruits Of Meddling In The Syrian Civil War: Washington’s Frankenstein Brigade

The revelation by a spokesman for the family of Steven Sotloff, the second journalist beheaded by the Islamic State (ISIS), that Sotloff was ‘sold [to ISIS] for between $25 – 50,000,’ by the US-supported ‘moderate’ Free Syrian Army underscores the irony and absurdity of this moment. As the Presidentgets ready to go to the American people and ask for their support in pursuing a military campaign in Iraq and Syria, how the principle of ‘blowback’ operates should be clear to everyone – even Rudy Giuliani.
The ‘moderates’ we have been funding, arming, and training for the past few years couldn’t have come up with a better plan to suck us into the Syrian quagmire. After crying ‘Wolf!’ for so long – what with chemical attacks supposedly inflicted by the infinitely evil Bashar al-Assad, and other tall tales of dubious provenance – the rebels had lost all credibility. What to do? Desperate to increase the decibel level of calls for US military action in the region, they resorted to targeting the US media in hopes that the outrage generated would push the Americans into war.
And the ruse certainly seems to be working. That’s their battlefield, after all: the Syrian Mod Squad has never been an effective fighting force on the ground in Syria, but when it comes to dominating the Western media landscape they’ve been wildly successful. According to their many friends in the Fourth Estate, those lovable cuddly ‘moderate’ Islamists wouldn’t hurt a flea – after all, they’ve been ‘vetted,’ haven’t they?
What a grisly joke.

This post was published at David Stockmans Contra Corner on September 10, 2014.

Obama’s False Flag Speech Tonight

Tonight, on the eve of another anniversary for 9-11, the current President of the United States will be giving a speech about the threat of ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria or IS for short) where a new American strategy for dealing with this terrorist army will be outlined after he stated several days ago that he didn’t have one. Several months ago in fact, the President called ISIS the ‘JV team’ in one of his numerous infamous quotes and since that time they have carved out what amounts to a small nation in Eastern Syria and Western Iraq.
The issue of ISIS however, is not the key point to the speech tonight. If ISIS were truly a serious threat to US interests, aka, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, then our ‘allies’ in the region would request that the United States position more troops into Kuwait and Jordan to protect those kingdoms and to cut off any advance towards the House of Saud. Meanwhile, many questions about this speech and American policy towards ISIS will not be answered by this administration nor our ‘allies’ in the region:
1. If the United States is aware that ISIS is now in possession of approximately 30 M1 Abrams tanks, why have we not destroyed them with an air strike by now? Theoretically one would hope that the U. S. would install a ‘kill switch’ such as those used by American rental car companies just in case a vehicle is stolen, or at least some type of GPS tracking at a minimum once the weapons were left for the Iraqi military.
2. Why are Western governments in Europe and including the United States announcing any types of sanctions for those countries aiding and abetting the ISIS cause? There is ample evidence within the mainstream media that Qatar is acting as the finance and banking arm for the Islamic State yet not one word has been uttered about cutting off trade or even a small threat of sanctions from any nation except for Saudi Arabia (see: Saudi threatens to block Qatar’s land, sea borders from this posting about Saudi-Qatari relations: Is Saudi Arabia Preparing to Invade Qatar?).
3. There is demonstrable evidence that Turkey, a NATO member nation, has also been arming and training ISIS forces yet the silence from Brussels, London, and Washington has been deafening. Will President Obama announce an initiative to cut off the supply of arms and soldiers migrating from Turkish territory into Iraq and Syria tonight? I seriously doubt it.

This post was published at John Galt Fla on September 10, 2014.

The American Public: A Tough Soldier or a Chicken Hawk Cowering in a Cubicle? Some Thoughts on ISIS Intervention

You gotta love the American public sometimes. For a mass of people so easily terrified by guys in caves funded and armed by our intelligence services and ‘allies’ in the Persian Gulf, the same public talks with such armchair bravado when it comes to launching bombs from drones and sending other people’s children to die.
Makes you wonder though, which one is it? Is the American public actually the tough guy soldier it pretends to be when cheering overseas military interventions, or is it really a scared, propagandized, coward hiding in one of our nation’s endless cubicle rows? Unfortunately, based on recent opinion polls demonstrating approval for military action against ISIS, it appears to be the latter. The former is merely a front put on by that terrified, economically insecure, silently suffering automaton. I really wish this weren’t the case.
‘ISIS as the new enemy’ is a meme that has made me very uncomfortable from the start for several reasons, not the least being the fact that this group seemingly emerged out of nowhere just when it seemed corrupt politicians from both parties in Washington D. C. were becoming increasingly frustrated by their inability to launch missiles into Syria back in 2012, following well documented disastrous campaigns in Iraq and Libya. Not only that, it is quite clear that many of our so called ‘allies’ such as Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Kuwait have been the major funders behind ISIS. Moreover, for a public so squeamish and outraged by beheadings, we hear barely a peep about the fact that beheadings hit a record level in Saudi Arabiaduring August, with nearly one unfortunate soul decapitated per day during the month. Nope, haven’t heard much about that at all.

This post was published at Liberty Blitzkrieg on Sep 10, 2014.

ISIS HYPE: False Threats, Staged Executions, While Israel ‘Expands’

As the black-clad terror troupe ISIS rages on, its ‘greater’ role concerning the policy planning of those in Washington, Tel Aviv and Britain is rapidly being revealed. This is the world in hyper-drive-destruction, and the propaganda machine is in full swing while approaching the 13th anniversary of 9/11.
It can no longer be denied that the chaos caused by ISIS has not also benefited the transnational corporate interests intertwined within the US-NATO-Israeli-GCC alliance. Whether its through the recent beheading videos that appear to be staged, the social media frenzy surrounding the #ISIS hashtag revolution, or Israel’s largest land grab in 30 years, the timing of the ISIS phenomenon has to be looked at more closely.
The Sunni extremists of the Islamic State, in the eyes of the West, seem to have been assigned a rather large part in shaping the future landscape of the Middle East.
The sudden rise of ISIS militants was not by accident, just as it is was no accident that their apparent death march was timed with the pressurized resignation of former Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki. No matter how you slice it, ISIS has enabled Western policy planners to pursue a more direct route to intervene and destabilize Iraq and possibly Syria.

This post was published at 21st Century Wire on SEPTEMBER 10, 2014.

OBAMA SET TO IGNORE CONGRESS, ANNOUNCE SYRIA STRIKES TONIGHT

President Barack Obama is set to ignore Congress once again by launching military strikes inside Syria without consulting lawmakers, a move that threatens to enflame the entire region given that the Assad government has repeatedly insisted it will consider any military activity inside Syrian territory as an act of war.
‘President Obama is prepared to use U. S. military airstrikes in Syria as part of an expanded campaign to defeat the Islamic State and does not believe he needs formal congressional approval to take that action, according to people who have spoken with the president in recent days,’reports the Washington Post.
Obama is set to deliver a prime time speech tonight during which he will make the case for U. S. air strikes inside Syria in the name of targeting ISIS militants.
In citing ISIS, which was armed and funded by the United States’ biggest allies in the region, as a justification for a military campaign inside Syria, Obama is set to accomplish what the administration failed to achieve last year after the chemical weapons attack in Ghouta was blamed on the Assad government, despite a subsequent MIT report which concluded the incident was more likely the work of US-backed rebels.
READ MORE

This post was published at Info Wars by PAUL JOSEPH WATSON | SEPTEMBER 10, 2014.

U.S. Politician: Kiev Unable to Bring Right-Wing Militias Under Complete Control

The ceasefire in Eastern Ukraine is unlikely to be a permanent solution to the crisis as Kiev fails to bring ultra-right groups under its complete control, former Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Paul Craig Roberts told RIA Novosti on Monday.
"Will the ceasefire hold? The right-wing Kiev militias, whose members often wear Nazi insignias, are not under Kiev's complete control," Roberts stressed, adding that these militias can easily violate the ceasefire, and there are already reports of violations.
Commenting on the overall situation in Ukraine, Roberts claimed that the Ukrainian crisis is one of Washington's tools to disrupt the economic and political relationships between Europe and Russia.
"By using Ukraine to demonize Russia, Washington has pushed the European Union into imposing sanctions on Russia that disrupt the trade relationships and create distrust," Roberts explained.

This post was published at RAI Novosti

The US Strikes Back.. With Its Own Anti-ISIS Propaganda Video

It’s not just airstrikes. The US State Department has recently launched an internet-based propaganda strategy as part of its “Think Again Turn Away” psyops campaign targeting young Muslim recruits for ISIS. As WaPo reports, the US government-made video titled “Welcome To ISIL-Land” and others like it aim to counter militant propaganda using their own graphic images against them. “The point, obviously, of this is to target potential recruits, potential sympathizers, to show the brutality” of IS, said State Department spokeswoman Marie Harf, “to point out the fallacies, point out the inconsistencies.”However, critics note this could backfire…
As The Washington Post reports,
The stunning rise of the Islamic State militant group as both a battlefield force and an Internet juggernaut over the summer has given new urgency to a State Department effort to counter online militant propaganda with a U. S. messaging campaign. A U. S.-government-made video that recently made the rounds on social media – with graphic images of Islamic State executions and a beheaded body – is the best-known example of the attempt to expose the brutality of the Islamist group and undermine its online recruitment appeals.


This post was published at Zero Hedge on 09/08/2014.

Another Dead Scientist To Add To List! What Did He Know That ‘They’ Don’t Want Us To Know?

Yet another scientists has been found dead after mysteriously disappearing and just happens to have worked at the National Institutes of Health in Maryland, specializing in tropical diseases, particularly malaria. This death alone, despite the mysterious circumstances, normally wouldn’t be of note if it wasn’t for the long… very long list of dead scientists already documented since 2004, found here.
Martin John Rogers was found ‘near’ his wrecked car down in an embankment in western Maryland on Thursday, September 4, 2014, after disappearing on August 21, 2014 when he left home for work at the world-renowned research center near Washington, D. C. No word yet on the cause of death, an autopsy will be performed to determine the manner of death, according to LA Times’ The Baxter Bulletin.


This post was published at BeforeItsNews on September 7, 2014.

Mr. President, The Less You Do Overseas The Better

‘We’ve got to stop ISIS… al-Qaida… Syria’s Assad… Hamas… Hezbollah… Taliban… Shebab…the wicked Ruskis in Ukraine…those Yemeni Houthis… Iran… Sudan… Islamists in Libya and Mali… Boko Haram in Nigeria… the Red Chinese in Asia. Oh yes, and defend Latvia and fight the Lord’s Army in Uganda. That’s the view in Washington where international police fever and growing hysteria over ISIS, the latest Mideast bogeyman, have gripped the nation, as elections near and politicians talk more nonsense than usual. Listen to Republican windbags and you’d believe the hordes of ISIS are about to put Cleveland to the sword.

This post was published at Ron Paul Institute on saturday september 6, 2014.

The West Paves The Road To War With Lies – Paul Craig Roberts

Official statements from the Russian government indicate that the president and foreign minister continue to rely on the good will of ‘our Western partners’ to work out a reasonable diplomatic solution to the trouble in Ukraine caused by Washington. Not only is there no evidence of this good will in Western capitals, the hostile measures against Russia are increasing. Moreover, hostile measures are on the rise even though their main effect is to disadvantage Europe.
For example, the socialist president of France has followed Washington’s orders and refused to deliver a ship that it owes to Russia under contract. The news reports are so incompetent that they do not say whether Russia has paid for the ship or whether payment was awaiting completion. If Russia has not already paid, then the failure to deliver will harm whoever financed the construction of the ship. If Russia has paid, then the idiot French president has placed France in violation of a contract and under international law France is subject to heavy financial penalties.
It is not clear how this hurts Russia. It is Russia’s strategic nuclear force that the West has to fear, not a helicopter carrier. What Hollande has taught Russia is not to do business with France or any country in NATO.

This post was published at Paul Craig Roberts on September 5, 2014.

Obama Gets Back To Work…..At The Celtic Manor Resort: But Just Lose The NATO Part!

Better that our President work on the greens and skip the NATO meetings. Its an anachronism anyway, and should have been abolished 25-years ago when the cold war ended and its reason for being vanished.
Would that back then Bush ’41′ had parachuted into Ramstein Air Base in southern Germany and declared ‘mission accomplished’! The American taxpayers would have been spared billions in the sheer waste of maintaining NATO, and the world would have been spared the bombast of armchair war mongers like NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen. By the way, he’s the guy with an unwavering capacity to make ‘Baghdad Bob’ look good, having assured the world back in 2003 that
‘Iraq has WMDs. It is not something we think, it is something we know.’
When the Soviet Union and its Warsaw Pact vassal regimes vanished into the mortuary of history, NATO had 16 member states in a mutual defense alliance that had arguably enhanced the safety and security of citizens in Lincoln NE and Spokane WA. Now it has 28 members including the likes of Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Slovenia and Slovakia – micro-states that are mainly insolvent and have no bearing whatsoever on national security.
Worse, it was Washington’s double-cross of Russia that set the stage for the present clash over Ukraine. The elder Bush who did not use his parachute in Germany did promise Gorbachev in 1989 that in return for vacating the eastern regions of that nation that NATO would not be expanded ‘by a single inch’.
Fast forward to February 2014 and his successor not only permitted the US foreign policy and CIA apparatus to fund and orchestrate the overthrow of the democratically elected government in Kiev, but did so with the implicit condition that the resulting junta would ‘pivot’ to the west and eventually join NATO. Yes, while Putin was sitting in his box taking bows at Sochi NATO came knocking on his back door.
Prior to February 21, 2014 there was not a peep out of Washington about Putin’s designs on Ukraine, rebellion of Russian speakers in the eastern Donbas region or an ‘invasion’ of Russian forces. None of this even entered the narrative until an unelected and radical nationalist junta in Kiev brought the threat of ethnic cleansing, and then launched a brutal campaign of aerial and artillery bombardment on its own citizens in the eastern regions.

This post was published at David Stockmans Contra Corner on September 3, 2014.

Western Doublethink on Blind Path to War

In October 1962, the United States threatened to go to war with Russia over the Cuban missile crisis. That high-stakes drama came about after Washington learned that Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev had overseen the installation of ballistic missiles on the Caribbean island, some 90 miles from the US mainland. Never mind that the nascent military alliance between Moscow and the socialist government of Fidel Castro was a inviolable matter between two sovereign states – Washington was apoplectic that Soviet missiles were permitted anywhere near its territory. The then US President John F Kennedy was impelled to go to war over the issue, even if that meant igniting an all-out thermonuclear conflagration. In the end, the standoff was resolved, in part through a mutual personal understanding between Kennedy and Khrushchev that such a catastrophic war had to be avoided at all costs. The Soviet Union eventually withdrew its missiles after receiving a guarantee from the White House that there would no follow-up US invasion of Cuba, as in the failed CIA-backed Bay of Pigs assault of April 1961. In addition, Kennedy gave a commitment to reciprocate US missile withdrawal from Turkey’s territory bordering with the former Soviet Union.

This post was published at Ron Paul Institute on September 3, 2014.

What Eric Cantor Is Really Going to Do on Wall Street

Today brings the utterly unsurprising news that Eric Cantor is headed to Wall Street.
The ousted House majority leader and longtime friend of the financial industry is joining Moelis & Company as a vice-chairman. His paycheck? At least $1.6 million in 2015, plus a million-dollar signing bonus. His duties? To “compete for business and advise corporate and investor clients on takeovers and other deals,” according to The Wall Street Journal. But I get the feeling that won’t be all Cantor will be doing, given his relationships on the Hill and total lack of investment-banking experience.
But how does influence-peddling work in 2014? What do these politicians really do when they end up on Wall Street? To shed some light on those questions, I spoke this morning with Dennis Kelleher. He’s a former corporate lawyer and longtime Senate staffer who now heads the nonprofit Better Markets, the banking lobby’s lonely public-interest opposition in Washington.

This post was published at NY Mag

Warning to the World: Washington and its NATO & EU Vassals are Insane – Paul Craig Roberts

Herbert E. Meyer, a nutcase who was a special assistant to the CIA director for a period during the Reagan administration, has penned an article calling for Russian President Putin’s assassination. If we have ‘ to get him out of the Kremlin feet-first with a bullet hole in the back of his head, that would be okay with us.’ As the crazed Meyer illiustrates, the insanity that Washington has released upon the world knows no restraint. Jose Manual Barroso, installed as Washington’s puppet as European Commission President, misrepresented his recent confidential telephone conversation with Russia’s President Putin by telling the media that Putin issued a threat: ‘If I want to, I can take Kiev in two weeks.’
Clearly, Putin did not issue a threat. A threat would be inconsistent with Putin’s entire unprovocative approach to the strategic threat that Washington and its NATO puppets have brought to Russia in Ukraine. Russia’s permanent representative to the EU, Vladimir Chizhov, said that if Barroso’s lie stands, Russia will make public the full recording of the conversation
Anyone familiar with the disparity between the Ukrainian and Russian militaries knows full well that it would take the Russian military 14 hours, not 14 days, to take all of Ukraine. Just remember what happened to the American and Israeli trained and equipped Georgian Army when Washington set its stupid Georgian puppets on South Ossetia. The American and Israeli trained and equipped Georgian army collapsed under Russian counterattack in 5 hours.
The lie that Washington’s puppet Barroso told was not worthy of a serious person. But where in Europe is there a serious person in power? Nowhere. The few serious people are all out of power. Consider the NATO Secretary General, Anders Rasmussen. He was a prime minister of Denmark who saw he could rise beyond Denmark by serving as Washington’s puppet. As prime minister he strongly supported Washington’s illegal invasion of Iraq, declaring that ‘we know that Saddam Hussein has weapons of mass destruction.’ Of course, the fool didn’t know any such thing, and why would it matter if Iraq did have such weapons. Many countries have weapons of mass destruction.

This post was published at Paul Craig Roberts on September 2, 2014.

Department of Homeland Security – A 240,000 Person Cancer on the American Soul

Regular readers will be intimately familiar with my feelings on the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Long before it became obvious to millions of people, I wrote about how the DHS was never intended to prevent terrorist attacks, rather it had always been intended to suppress the American citizenry. Over the past decade, it has become a dangerous behemoth of fascism under the guise of the fraudulent ‘war on terror.’
Going back to 2010, I wrote a piece titled: The Dangers of a Failed Presidency, in which I wrote:
There is clearly a power elite that consists of a union between big corporate and financial oligarchs and career bureaucrats in Washington D. C. These are the folks that pull the strings of all administrations. All you have to do is look at the trends that have been in place since George W Bush and continue under Obama to see what these players want. Bigger government and thus more Federal power, more wealth for the oligarchs (thank you Federal Reserve) and an erosion of the middle class, and reduction of civil liberties in the name of the 1984-like never-ending ‘war on terror.’ I believe in a war on terror of my own. A war against the terror that Washington D. C. is constantly trying to inject into your head so that you sheepishly give away all you rights and power to them. That’s my war on terror.

This post was published at Liberty Blitzkrieg on Sep 2, 2014.

Don’t Blink, You’ll Miss Another US Attack!

US bombs have been falling on Iraq for several weeks now, and an attack is also planned against Syria. At the NATO summit in Wales this weekend it was agreed to position thousands of troops on Russia’s border to be prepared for an attack in a moment’s notice. It seems like it was only yesterday that the US conducted yet another attack on Pakistan…oh wait, it was only yesterday!But did you know that the US is also still attacking Africa on a steady basis? At the end of the day yesterday US forces conducted an attack on the what they claim are Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab militants in Somalia. These small groups have been fighting against the US-backed regime in Somalia which is enough to earn them ongoing drone strikes from Washington. The idea that a small, localized Islamist movement in a place like Somalia is a threat to the United States is hard to comprehend. Also hard to understand how there is any legal justification for the Obama administration to conduct airstrikes on Africa at all. Has Congress declared war on Somalia? Nevertheless the endless US global war continues…

This post was published at Ron Paul Institute on September 2, 2014.